Near Miss Reporting


WMU – The use of near misses in maritime safety management – Zhixian (dissertation)

IMO MSC-MEPC./Circ.7 Guidance on Near-Miss Reporting

Barriers to Near-Miss Reporting in the Maritime Domain – Kohler

Barriers to Near Miss Reporting as Perceived by Marine Officers In Effect to Safety Onboard Ship – Maritime Academy of Asia and the Pacific

Best Practices in Near-Miss Reporting : A Master’s Thesis from Chalmers University, Sweden

Near Miss Analysis and Reporting – ABS Discussion Paper

Expansion of the Reporting System Paradigm to the United States Maritime Industry – Bixler – 2009

Needs and Challenges to Establishing an Effective Marine Safety Information Network to Improve Maritime Operational Safety – SOCP – 2012

ABS/Lamar University Mariner Personal Safety

Guide to Near Miss Reporting – WSH Council

Maritime Near Miss Reporting Sites

Nautical Institute Mariners’ Alerting and Reporting Scheme (MARS)

UK Confidential Hazardous Incident Reporting Programme (CHIRP) – a joint co-operation between Danish Shipowners’ Association and SEAHEALTH

ForeSea – ForeSea is an information system for accidents, incidents / “near misses” and non-conformities at sea. The system is designed and used of the shipping industry in Sweden and Finland and is a developed version of the Swedish information system INSJÖ (

The two systems are until July 2013 run parallel and are administrated of an independent third party, IPSO Classification & Control AB.

ForeSea collects reports from ISM-managers/Designated Persons and the reporting is voluntary and are recorded anonymously in ForeSea´s “Experience Data Bank”

Currently (2014) there are approximately 3000 reports (in English) in the data bank.

Industry Near Miss Reporting Sites

Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) : ASRS captures confidential reports, analyzes the resulting aviation safety data, and disseminates vital information to the aviation community.

Confidential Close Call Reporting System (C³RS) : The Confidential Close Call Reporting System (C3RS) is a partnership between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), in conjunction with participating railroad carriers and labor organizations. The program is designed to improve railroad safety by collecting and analyzing reports which describe unsafe conditions and events in the railroad industry. Employees will be able to report safety issues or “close calls” voluntarily and confidentially.

Firefighter Near Miss : Near Miss is an International Association of Fire Chiefs (IAFC)-managed program that collects and shares firefighter near-miss experiences. The program was generously begun in 2005 with grants from the Department of Homeland Security and Fireman’s Fund Insurance Company.

Patient Safety Reporting System (PSRS) : The Patient Safety Reporting System (PSRS) is a voluntary, confidential, non-punitive reporting system available to collaborate with both private and federal medical facilities.

SafeOCS : The SafeOCS confidential reporting system collects and analyzes data to advance safety in oil and gas operations on the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS). It was developed jointly with the Department of Interior’s Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE) and the Department of Transportation’s Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS). SafeOCS facilitates the capture of essential information about accident precursors and potential hazards associated with offshore operations, including risks related to pipeline safety and offshore transport.


IMISS 2015 : International Maritime Incident and Near Miss Reporting Conference


Martin Hassel – Safetec Nordic

Erik Hollnagel – Bon Voyage : Sailing Safely from a Safety-II perspective

Jakub Montewka – Proactive safety management in maritime traffic

Analyzing the human factor onboard vessels through the study of near misses: the application of the TRACEr method

Kari Kosonen – Collecting Deviation Information – FinnPilot

Valtteri Laine – Utilization of Safety Information in the Finnish Transport Safety Agency

Olli-Pekka Brunila – Ports’ environmental management in the Baltic Sea

SOCP Near Miss Program