Newtonian or Linear Thinking

The Linear Nature of Logic

“Linear Thinking” is defined as follows:

[Linear thinking is] a process of thought following known cycles or step-by-step progression where a response to a step must be elicited before another step is taken.

Linear means “like a line”, and so a linear process moves forward in a line. If a = b, and b = c, then a = c. The application of linear thinking can be found in the well known Socratic Method:

a form of inquiry and debate between individuals with opposing viewpoints based on asking and answering questions to stimulate rational thinking and to illuminate ideas

Source :

Investigating Linear Models of Accident Causation: A Review Study in the Construction Safety Context

Systems Thinking

Making the Jump to Systems Thinking – Ollhoff-Walcheski

Introduction to Systems Thinking – Daniel H. Kim 


We Have Newton on a Retainer- Reductionism When We Need Systems Thinking – Dekker

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